Psoriasis is a prevalent autoimmune disease. Although with many variants, this disease is characterized by the appearance of scaly patches all over the skin.
This means that the body’s immune system ends up harming the body rather than protecting it. Thus the appearance of the scales throughout the body.
These patches are generally red or silver in color and may develop a painful itch. The patches are not consistent and appear and reappear over time. They might last from anywhere between a couple of days to a little over a month.
If you are not sure what kind of psoriasis you might have, you can check some psoriasis pictures below. But always have in mind that only a full skin check-up can determine what kind of psoriasis you have and the right treatment for it.
What Are the Symptoms of Psoriasis?
Some symptoms of psoriasis are common and remain the same irrespective of the type of psoriasis. These symptoms include:
- Appearance of red or silver-colored patches all over the skin
- Itching in skin
- Rash like spots developing on the surface of the skin
- Swelling and stiffness in joints
Other than these symptoms, some other symptoms are also associated with a certain type of psoriasis. Some people also report experiencing mental stress, depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. The appearance of the spots on the body varies and can range and vary from person to person. But you do not have to worry about psoriasis spreading as it is not contagious at all.
How Many Types of Psoriasis Exist?
Although there are many different types of psoriasis, the most common ones are five. But there are some variants that, although they are not considered unique (officially), they can be some form of psoriasis. And therefore, they are included in this list.
Here is a detailed breakdown and discussion of these types of psoriasis.
Plaque Psoriasis Pictures
The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis. It is characterized by the appearance of thick and red-colored spots all over the skin. Most of the time, these spots appear on the knees, elbows, scalp, and lower back.
The patch also develops a thin layer on top that is silverfish or white in color. These patches are roughly around ten centimeters in length. Avoid scratching these sores since it can irritate them and cause more harm.
The best way to avoid plaque psoriasis is to keep the skin moisturized. Therefore, the doctors will most likely recommend a moisturizing ointment or cream so that the skin does not become too dry or itchy. Vitamin D creams and calcitriol is also known to ease psoriasis.
Anti-inflammatory drugs may also be used in case the affected area swells up or becomes too irritated. Light therapy is another common way of treating plaque psoriasis. It involves exposing the skin to both UVA and UVB rays.
But the course of the treatment depends on the severity of the case and the triggers that may be causing the psoriasis.
Guttate Psoriasis Pictures
Guttate psoriasis develops in the form of small red spots that cover the body. After Plaque Psoriasis, this is the most common type of psoriasis that you will come across.
This type of psoriasis mostly covers the torso, arms, and feet. In some cases, the spots can also move up to the scalp and the throat. The spots are not very thick, but they do feel quite itchy nonetheless.
This type of psoriasis is mostly triggered by stress, skin injury, infection, and medication. Some doctors make use of steroid creams to treat guttate psoriasis.
But before jumping to the treatment, it is best to try and get to the root of the problem so that the issue can be resolved properly and the psoriasis can be treated once and for all.
Inverse Psoriasis Pictures
This type of psoriasis mostly occurs in the folds of the skin. Many people report these spots under their breasts and the armpit area. The surface of the spots is quite smooth, and they are light red in color. Since it is mostly found in the skin’s moist areas, the skin does not shed any layer.
This psoriasis is very hard to diagnose and can easily be mistaken for a fungal or bacterial infection. Since it is located in skin folds, this type of psoriasis can be excruciating and irritating.
Other than oral meditation, light therapy, and steroid creams, some doctors also recommend using biologics to treat inverse psoriasis. Ensure that the affected area is cleaned and dried properly, as any moisture in the area can lead to the development of a yeast or bacterial infection in the skin.
Pustular Psoriasis Pictures
Pustular Psoriasis is one of the most severe forms of psoriasis. The condition starts appearing on the skin in the form of white spots that eventually grow in size. This type of psoriasis tends to cover as much area of the skin as possible.
Sometimes, the spots also connect and grow up to form one single spot. These spots can generally be found around the arms and the feet.
Other than the skin irritation, some people also associate flu, muscle weakness, loss of appetite, and even chills with pustular psoriasis. This form of psoriasis is further divided into three categories and may vary in terms of the symptoms developed.
Most over the counter drugs are proven helpful to treat pustular psoriasis. But this psoriasis will keep reoccurring unless and until the doctor gets to the root cause of the issue and the problem is eradicated properly.
Erythrodermic Psoriasis Pictures
Erythrodermic psoriasis is also known as exfoliating psoriasis because of the appearance of the spots. The spots appear as if the skin has been burnt, and the upper layer is peeling off.
This type of psoriasis adversely impacts the skin’s composition to the extent that the body may lose its ability to control the body’s temperature.
Another downside of this type of psoriasis is that it almost always grows in the form of large-sized spots.
Sometimes, it can also be the later stage of the other forms of psoriasis; therefore, it is recommended that you consult the doctor as soon as possible so that the psoriasis can be controlled and its risk of developing into erythrodermic psoriasis can be reduced as much as possible.
The treatment of this type of psoriasis varies depending on the underlying reason and the degree to which the body has been affected. Sometimes therapy is enough, but in severe psoriasis, the doctor may also make use of wet dressings to help treat the dry patches.
The Psoriasis types below are considered other forms of psoriasis, not included in the official group type.
Psoriatic Arthritis Pictures
Psoriatic arthritis is one of the most painful types of psoriasis. This type of psoriatic arthritis is further divided into five types depending on the symptoms and causes. Unfortunately, this condition has no cure; therefore, prevention is your best bet.
This type of psoriatic arthritis affects the joints of the body. The joints of the hands are the ones that are mostly affected by this disease. Some people do notice rashes on their hands, but mostly, this type of psoriasis affects the body’s joints.
- Eye Inflammation
- Peripheral arthritis in large joints (elbows, knees, wrists, and ankles)
- Inflammation in the spinal column, causing severe back pain
- Dactylitis (swollen fingers and toes)
- Pitted nails
- Red skin lesion, with skin rash, becomes very itchy
- Enthesitis (heel and foot pain)
Since this form of psoriasis affects the joints internally, ointments and steroid creams are not used to treat psoriatic arthritis. The doctors prescribe the use of anti-inflammatory medicines so that the joints can be soothed.
The goal is to use medicines that can reduce the stiffness and the swelling of the joints.
Nail Psoriasis Pictures
Many people do not classify this type of psoriasis as psoriasis because the symptoms and appearance of this type of psoriasis is very similar to that of a fungal infection. As indicated by the name, this type of psoriasis affects the nails.
People experience nail pitting, dents in their nails, yellowing of nails, thickening of the skin lying under the nails, and the appearance of patches and spots around and underneath the nails.
If not treated in time, this form of nail psoriasis can go out of hand and cause the nails to fall off. The people who suffer from nail psoriasis often complain that their nails do not grow. Doctors prescribe oral medicines as well as light therapy based on the extent of the psoriasis.
Scalp Psoriasis Pictures
Scalp psoriasis often occurs in combination with plaque psoriasis. Many people tend to confuse it with dandruff when, in reality, it is scalp psoriasis. Unlike dandruff, the flakes caused by scalp psoriasis are a lot bigger in size, and they shed more frequently, to the extent that the flakes are visible even from a distance.
The scalp also feels itchy and irritated. People suffering from scalp psoriasis often face a lack of confidence since they are uncomfortable about the flakes being visible. No matter how much the hair is oiled or good hygiene is maintained, the flakes do not seem to end when the person suffers from scalp psoriasis.
The treatment of scalp psoriasis includes following a strict and regular hair care routine. Doctors prescribe special medicated oils that keep the scalp moisturized. Moreover, a medicated shampoo is used to wash off the flakes and clean the hair.
Some doctors also recommend masks and conditioning treatments to lock in the moisture into the hair and ensure that the scalp does not feel itchy or irritated.
One thing is agreeable for sure, psoriasis is a daily challenge with many obstacles to face. And whichever type of psoriasis you are facing, it all comes down to the mental and physical endurance preparation to overcome it.
Always have hope and try to follow a healthy lifestyle, psoriasis is hard but it shouldn’t control your life. The power is always in your hands. Dictate the passe of your life and be happy.
"Psoriasis" - Last update Dec 2020: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psoriasis