Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune, systemic skin disease that can appear at any age and affects 1 to 3% of the world’s population, with a severe psychosocial impact on the patient.
This non-contagious disease is characterized by the appearance of red, thick, scaling lesions that affect mainly the elbows, knees, lower back, scalp, and nails.
In about 1/3 of patients, psoriasis reaches the joints, leading to psoriatic arthritis.
Also, know everything about psoriasis here, if you understand it well, there is a bigger change in controlling it.
In this article you will find, PSOPortugal and LEO Pharma’s recommendations that can help those living with psoriasis:
- Adopt healthy lifestyle habits and some daily care to decrease the manifestation of the disease;
- Practice regular physical exercise, maintain a healthy diet, and avoid tobacco and alcohol consumption;
- Apply moisturizing creams, favoring deep hydration of the skin by preventing water loss by evaporation in the outermost layer of the skin;
- Sun exposure should be moderate since the sun’s rays help the skin’s regeneration process and help control psoriasis
- Wear comfortable clothing to minimize irritation and maximize comfort;
- Participate in support groups in order to share experiences;
- Seek medical advice and follow the prescribed treatment.
It is genetically based, and outbreaks can be triggered by stress, work problems, anxiety, depression, and even as a result of infections or taking certain medications.
However, its genetic nature does not imply that it is hereditary from parent to child, although there is a greater probability of the disease appearing.
"At the first suspicious signs, medical help must be sought and, once the disease is diagnosed, the prescribed treatment must be followed. This is fundamental for controlling the disease and consequently for a better quality of life", says Jaime Melancia, president of PSOPortugal.
Psoriasis still has no cure, but there is a wide range of treatments, adapted to each patient, whose use alone or in combination allows the signs and symptoms to be controlled in the majority of cases.
"There have been great advances in psoriasis treatments, based on a change in approach, taking into account that it is not exclusively a skin disease, but also a systemic, inflammatory, immune-mediated pathology that also affects other organs. Today, with the new therapies available, a total or almost total clearing of the skin can be obtained, which means a better quality of life for the patient", adds Ana Belén Romero, medical director of LEO Pharma Portugal and Spain.
Treatments for psoriasis can control the signs and symptoms of the disease, reducing almost totally or totally clearing the lesions associated with the disease and providing a great improvement in the patient’s quality of life.
They act on the inflammation, reducing it and decreasing the proliferation of cells in the superficial layer of the skin.