Psoriasis is an incurable autoimmune chronic disease that causes undesirable changes to the skin, such as developing dry, thick, red patches of scaly skin.
Psoriasis often affects the elbows, knees, scalp, and knees but can affect any part of the body.
It is considered to be a type of rheumatoid arthritis. Some researchers think that psoriasis may also be related to an autoimmune disorder.
A condition in which a person’s own body (the “autoimmune” organism) attacks its own tissues and cells.
This type of disorder is usually present in genetic disorders such as multiple sclerosis and hypothyroidism and can be activated by many different factors.
What Is an Autoimmune Disease?
If you’ve been diagnosed with an autoimmune disease, it can seem like the end of the world.
There are over 80 different forms of autoimmune disorders, and sometimes, even if you have the same symptoms, there are different meanings of what you might have.
This makes it difficult for your doctor to truly know whether you actually have one of the autoimmune disorders and which one.
However, having a diagnosis can often be stressful and confusing for people who suffer from it.
This article will go over some of the symptoms you should be on the lookout for if you think you may have an autoimmune disease and how to get a good diagnosis.
Autoimmune diseases are characterized by antibodies that attack the tissues and organs of the body.
When the antibodies attack the tissues, they cause inflammation, swelling, or abnormal thickening of the tissue or organ.
The antibodies are made in response to some substance or reaction within the body.
Problems That People With Autoimmune Disease May Experience:
- Chronic headaches,
- extreme fatigue,
- joint pain,
- stiffness of muscles and joints,
- skin rashes,
- low energy,
- constant fatigue,
- unexplained weight loss,
- unexplained diarrhea,
- joint or muscle pain,
Anemia is one of the symptoms of an autoimmune disease. People with this condition have low levels of red blood cells.
Lowered red blood cell levels can lead to fatigue, pain, weakness, and more.
Someone with anemia can have a deficiency in iron, which is important for energy production, so seeing an endocrinologist is important if you suspect that you may have anemia.
Your doctor can test you for anemia by doing a blood test and by looking at your test results.
Another symptom of an autoimmune disease is a deficiency in the body’s ability to fight against viruses and bacteria.
Viruses and bacteria can cause serious problems in the body, so if you’re having trouble with the flu or other common colds, it could be because your immune system attacks the wrong cells.
That’s why it’s important to get regular checkups, especially if you’re a smoker.
Cigarette smoke decreases the body’s ability to fight off viruses and bacteria.
Vitiligo, which affects both kids and adults, is characterized by patches of damaged skin caused by a reaction to the HPV virus.
The final symptom of autoimmune disease is a red, swollen area of skin that doesn’t go away. It can appear on any part of the body but is most common on the legs and armpits. It can also be found on the knees and elbows.
This skin rash is caused by the immune system attacking the myeloid cells in the spinal cord and other parts of the body. In some cases, vitiligo can cause hearing loss, paralysis, and blindness.
Someone who suspects that they have an autoimmune disease should see their doctor immediately to determine what type of medication is available.
People who have migraines are diabetic, suffer from kidney disease, AIDS, asthma, or allergies may also suffer from an autoimmune disease.
People with diabetes, cancer, AIDS, Crohn’s disease, Lupus, Raynaud’s disease, anemia, psoriasis, or anorexia nervosa may also have autoimmune diseases.
Scleroderma and vitiligo affect the joints as well. Lupus, an infection that occurs in women, is characterized by small painful rashes that cover the skin.
Anemia, kidney disease, AIDS, eczema, shingles, food allergies, a history of multiple sclerosis, and anemia may also affect people and cause autoimmune diseases.
Scleroderma, myositis, and vitiligo are all autoimmune diseases that involve myositis and/or vitiligo muscles.
Myositis is a condition where fluid buildup under the muscle cramps in the muscles, while myositis affects the muscles themselves.
Vitiligo is similar to a deficiency of vitamin A, where skin cells can grow but remain stuck on the ends.
Anemia may also be caused by an iron deficiency, where the myositis muscle fibers cannot absorb enough iron to function.
There are many other conditions that affect the joints and connective tissue. Some of the conditions, such as multiple sclerosis and fibromyalgia, involve a malfunctioning nervous system, while others involve autoimmune disease or another condition that is a problem with the immune system.
Some of the autoimmune diseases can affect the lungs, kidneys, gallbladder, liver, eyes, heart, bones, and skin.
All these conditions can lead to psoriasis.
How Does Psoriasis Autoimmune Disease Works?
Psoriasis is the inflammation of the skin caused by an overproduction of skin cells.
This condition can occur on any portion of the body, but it tends to show up on the elbows, knees, scalp, and trunk.
There are basically four types of psoriasis; Guttate, plaque psoriasis, nail and mixed psoriasis. It is not unusual to have psoriasis of the face, as well.
Although psoriasis affects mainly the skin, you should be aware that there are other ways it can affect you.
Systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system produces antibodies that attack the skin.
In SLE, there is usually one or more inflammatory, autoimmune diseases occurring simultaneously; they are rheumatoid arthritis, Scleroderma, Plaque psoriasis, and Placental macular dystrophy.
Systemic Lupus erythematosus often affects the skin and eyes. A few people experience only mild symptoms.
New medications for psoriasis are being developed all the time. The most promising treatments are new inhibitors for the enzymes that attack the skin, called kinases.
Several years ago, Lim HW inhibitors (LH inhibitors) became popular for use in treating psoriasis.
Lim HW inhibitors act against the enzyme tyrosinase, which is responsible for causing the skin’s inflammation, called dermatitis.
With systemic Lupus erythematosus, phototherapy is used to reduce inflammation.
When you have psoriasis, you need to keep your skin moisturized, but when you have systemic Lupus erythematosus, you need to control the inflammation so that you can prevent the development of permanent wounds.
Several new agents help in the treatment of psoriasis. They are used in the form of phototherapy, in combination with drugs to treat inflammation.
Phototherapy consists of exposure of the skin to wavelengths of light under medical supervision. The wavelengths depend on the cause of psoriasis:
There are three different categories of psoriasis.
- First, there are the primary psoriasis types, such as atopic eczema and plaque psoriasis.
- The second category is termed the atrophic skin condition or psoriasis.
- Thirdly, there is the mixed type of psoriasis, which is found in both children and adults.
Each of these three categories has different clinical features, and their treatment depends on the specific characteristic.
These systemic agents were developed after the introduction of effective biological therapy for patients with psoriasis.
Biologics for psoriasis include cyclosporine (Doxorubicin) and methotrexate (Furadian), and they are capable of eliminating the plaques and the enzymes responsible for the inflammation.
Biologics for atrophic skin conditions include photodynamic therapies, wakame, and Eukanuba. Mixed psoriasis include coal tar (Dursban), anthralin, calcine coal, sulfasalazine, and methylprednisolone.
Systemic agents can either be systemic or local, and are used to treat the most common forms of psoriasis: plaque psoriasis and hot patches.
With systemic agents, the affected area is usually numbed with a temporary sedative.
However, local psoriasis treatment involves a process called localized delivery wherein chemicals are delivered directly to the affected tissues.
For example, in cases of mild psoriasis outbreaks that don’t involve the skin, methotrexate is injected directly into the plaques.
There are four major types of plaques found in psoriasis. They are called plaque psoriasis, scalp psoriasis, erythroderma, and plaques of plaque psoriasis.
Plaque psoriasis is often inherited and is the least common type of psoriasis. It appears as dry, red, thick, and silvery-white blisters that gradually enlarge over time.
It can affect any portion of the body, but more commonly occurs on the elbows, knees, scalp, palms, and soles.
Scalp psoriasis is characterized by small red plaques that form on the scalp. It is often mistaken for dandruff because of its pale appearance.
Common areas affected are the eyebrows, near the ears, behind the head, and on the chest. On palmoplantar psoriasis, large, red plaques form at the base of the tail and between the toes.
These plaques may grow up to 3 cm in length and develop in the dark, moist, hairless areas such as the nails, under the fingernails, and in the hair at the skull base.
There are many other types of psoriasis, which share certain characteristics with the disease described above. Some of these include:
- contact dermatitis,
- psoriatic arthritis,
- pustular psoriasis,
- cicatricial pustulosis,
When a patient has one or more of these conditions, she runs the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
The disease is more common in patients who are African American, male, and with hypertension.
If you have plaques in your skin, they could be a sign of a dangerous disease called primary arteritis.
This disease happens when plaque builds up in the arteries, causing too much pressure to the arteries’ walls.
In the case of psoriasis, this can be amplified by high levels of cortisol, which is a hormone produced by the body.
The plaques associated with flexural psoriasis can also be signs of Cushing’s syndrome. If you experience redness, swelling, and itching on the scalp, it is a strong arthritis sign.
Before jumping to conclusions, always consult a doctor first to make some trials and know for sure if you have psoriasis autoimmune disease or not.
Medicine today has many treatments and a lot of effective ones, if it turns out to be a positive diagnosis, know that, even with a few limitations, you can still enjoy a life of great and decent quality.