Those who live with psoriasis end up facing more than the difficult situation of the disease itself.
They often become easily prejudiced targets. Raising awareness and alerting people to their disease’s reality ends up becoming a necessary initiative in their lives.
Psoriasis can spread if not taken care of at the right time. If you are concerned about spreading to another person, don’t worry, psoriasis is not contagious like certain skin diseases.
If ignored, psoriasis can develop into a worse state at the sight of the first symptoms than the initial one.
Also, know everything about psoriasis here, if you understand it well, there is a bigger change in controlling it.
Please have in mind that It is not an easy task to diagnose psoriasis.
Sometimes patients go through doctors from different specialties until they get a firm diagnosis of this chronic skin disease.
This is because the frequent skin patches in psoriasis, although scaling, do not always manifest themselves with the same appearance among patients.
It is also common for the spots to come and go. They can leave promptly and therefore make it an impossible task to diagnose with concrete certainty if the disease is going to spread or not.
Is a Medical Diagnosis Needed to Discover Psoriasis?
Yes, a medical diagnosis is necessary. But it is possible to clarify some points so that you can have a previous notion about psoriasis.
First and most important, it is necessary to know that the disease involves hereditary factors. It is prevalent to appear in the same family.
There are some typical signs that you can identify psoriasis, such as scaly patches on reddish-looking skin that, if scratched, can leave the region dehydrated.
Besides appearing in different parts of the body, such as arms, abdomen, back, legs, and scalp, the disease can also manifest in the nails and between the fingers.
Any treatment that you may take will help you reduce the production of the skin cells that accelerate the scaling; delaying this process will result in fewer lesions in your skin, and therefore, fewer scales.
What Triggers Have the Most Impact on This Condition?
As mentioned before, in most cases, there’s seems to exist a pre genetic disposal for psoriasis to occur.
But that alone is not enough for flare-ups to appear. Some other physical and environmental triggers have a major role in the combination for it to start.
Among the existent factor, there are variables such as:
- Weather Conditions
- Vitamin Deficiency
- Immune Disorders
- Hormonal Changes
If you want to know each of these in detail, you can check the 11 worst triggers known to cause psoriasis.
How to Recognize the Disease First Signs?
A psoriasis crisis is often so frightening that the carrier shrinks just by thinking about it.
A crisis can bring many physical and emotional problems, and many people do not know what to do when they occur.
Redness, itching, and peeling. These skin reactions are usually quite common in the population.
But the question that always remains is: what do they mean, and what can be done to improve?
The reasons for skin lesions are quite varied and can be, for example, allergies, dermatitis, or psoriasis.
To confirm the diagnosis, it is important to have a dermatologist’s help, a medical specialty indicated in such cases.
Any skin lesion which becomes chronic, i.e., which does not improve, should be examined to receive the correct diagnosis.
Unfortunately, even in psoriasis cases, patients usually self-medicate with creams based on corticoids, sometimes very strong, which have severe side effects when used for a long time.
This is why contact with the dermatologist is so important.
After the initial diagnosis of psoriasis, the first step is to keep calm. Although it is a disease surrounded by doubts and myths, it is a permanent chronic condition.
For better chances of efficient working treatment, people must seek help in the first symptoms signs.
What to Do When You Have a Crisis?
Before anything, what exactly is a crisis?
Although a seizure has an emotional impact, the seizure is the physical manifestation of psoriasis in these cases.
It is the itching, burning, and pain in the skin, followed by inflamed reddish plaques covered by whitish or silvery scales.
The symptoms of psoriasis can leave unconsciously without any intervention.
Some symptoms may persist during some periods of a weaker immune system, for example, throughout periods of great stress or the flu.
Symptoms may vary somewhat according to your type of psoriasis:
This is the usual common psoriasis; it is identified by lesions of differing dimensions, which usually appear on body regions like the elbows, knees, and scalp. Lesions like these are usually well-delimited with a reddish color, usually covered with white scales.
Patients tend to scratch them a lot, and some other times they can also bleed.
Legs with guttate psoriasis
Guttate Psoriasis cases are mostly reported in children and are known by diminutive sores on the skin in gout; they appear mainly on arms, trunk, and thighs.
They are often linked with a bacteria infection by the Streptococcus genus.
Psoriatic Arthritis Also Known as Arthropathic Psoriasis
In Arthropathic Psoriasis, besides the presence of red and flaky plaques characteristic of the condition, joints become very painful.
Arthropathic psoriasis can affect the joints from the hand’s fingertips right down to the knees.
This type of psoriasis is not very common, it is well known for pus lesions formed all over the body and also on the hands.
Different manifestations may be present just like a rise in body temperature leading to fever, coolness all around the body, itching, and some diarrhea that can mark its carriage.
Psoriatic Nail Dystrophy or Nail Psoriasis
You can find spots with yellowish textured color or alterations in the fingernail’s shape in this form of psoriasis.
Sometimes people mistook mycosis for this symptom.
Periods of great stress mark the appearance of this psoriasis type. They are distinguished by finding in the scalp, thick white scales encompassing the hair.
The affected region is visible by the presence of red color and reduced hair amount.
Children With Psoriasis
Children and adolescents have the same symptoms as grownups; in some young children, sometimes there are some changes. Up to 2-year-old children, psoriasis displays, particularly in the diaper area.
It is very comparable to the diaper erythema (rashes), but in childhood psoriasis, normally guttate psoriasis, there are:
- Light red color in the injured region, with a somewhat shiny color, it also has well-defined edges;
- Inguinal folds are also affected;
- Associated itching is sometimes present.
After 2 weeks of the lesion’s appearance, it is normal for lesions to appear on the scalp, limbs, face, or trunk.
You may feel helpless and ashamed and clueless about what to do to end it.
But in fact, people who live with psoriasis always ask this constantly, but in reality, there are some things you can try first.
Please bear in mind that the four topics listed below are no treatment options.
They are just some tips that many patients have signaled to improve their symptoms when they are in a crisis.
- Sun exposure (in moderation): sunlight can be soothing to the skin. UV rays in the sun stimulate the skin to produce vitamin D, which we know has an anti-inflammatory effect on the body.
This also makes sense, as psoriasis patients tend to have lower levels of so-called sun vitamin. In a recent study, UV rays helped decrease psoriatic plaques that scratch, showing that regular skin exposure to UV rays can be beneficial.
As with everything in life, moderation is critical. Up to 5 minutes of exposure can help soothe the skin, but overexposure can cause damage.
It is a difficult balancing act and varies from patient to patient. Always check with your doctor to know what is best for you before exposing yourself to the sun!
- Yoga: leaving the mind empty and relaxing can decrease stress, which can also be associated with outbreaks. Yoga can also alter mood and improve the immune system.
But be calm; the practice cannot be considered the magic elixir to cure all diseases. And let’s practice the mantra, that is, talking to your doctor before practicing yoga: this is the best way.
- Vacations: easier to talk than to do. It is not easy to pack your bags and say, “Au revoir!” the moment you have an outbreak. But if you need more motivation to take a few days off, remember that some people who have psoriasis say that the symptoms decrease during vacations.
It may be that a stress reduction can help the skin, or maybe it’s the sun of a tropical holiday, as we talked about up there.
- Changes in diet: although this is not a proven way to relieve symptoms, some people with psoriasis feel it is worth trying. Avoiding substances like histamine, pseudo allergens, and gluten can be a good start. Add vitamin D, omega-3, and antioxidants, and you may have a good recipe for reducing symptoms.
It is worth mentioning that this is not proven yet; they are only suggestions for psoriasis patients.
How can you effectively treat it?
If you have noticed the first signs of psoriasis, the indication is not to self-medicate.
The practice of using ointments on your own can further aggravate the injury and increase the extent of the problem.
Therefore, the first step in controlling psoriasis symptoms, whether mild, moderate, or severe, is to contact a dermatologist.
There are currently several methods to treat injuries, which include topical, oral, and phototherapy remedies. Understand each of them better:
Topical use: the medicines that fit in this category are ointments and gels, which should be applied directly to the lesions.
When mild and moderate psoriasis is involved, the use of Calcipotriol-based ointment is recommended.
The drug also has vitamin D, which acts by decreasing abnormal skin cells with psoriasis.
The treatment can also be done with medicine in a gel version. Besides Calcipotriol, the product has in its composition Betamethasone, which reduces skin inflammation.
The gel is mainly indicated when lesions appear on the scalp. It is also recommended for psoriasis treatment, which appears with lesions on well-defined plaques, known as psoriasis Vulgaris.
Generally, topical remedies are indicated for mild and moderate psoriasis treatment but may vary as recommended by the specialist.
When the doctor prescribes treatment, he or she considers the patient’s age, the thickness of the plaques, the sites where the lesions are, and other variations.
The common is to use the cream once or twice a day and not abandon the moisturizer”.
Systemic use: the method is best suited for moderate and/or severe treatment, in addition to psoriatic arthritis. In this case, the medicine is administered orally or by injections.
Phototherapy: consists of exposing the injured skin to ultraviolet light, which can be artificial or natural.
Medications used for oral and topical treatments are available very easily and can be removed gradually by patients.
So, if you have mild or moderate psoriasis and you need the medicine, look for the nearest health center with the medicine request report made by the dermatologist along with a prescription.
Possible complications if negligence takes over.
Despite the varying degrees of the disease, it is important to remind that it is not contagious and does not prevent psoriasis on their hands, such as working or doing any day-to-day activities.
People with psoriasis may stop going to public places precisely because of the shame of being judged and/or discriminated against.
Unfortunately, prejudice makes these people suffer a lot, generating social withdrawal, which, in many cases, ends in depression.
One of the solutions that patients see is to use drugs very often to speed up the relief process.
But this practice is dangerous because it can cause the development of Cushing Syndrome.
If the patient uses medicines with very strong corticoids for a long period and throughout the body, this corticoid passes into the blood, which has consequences, such as thinning of the skin, which causes stretch marks.
Cushing’s Syndrome can cause other problems such as headache, hypertension, osteoporosis, hyperglycemia, weight gain, high concentration of fat in the face and abdomen, cataracts, mood changes, hair loss, and weaken the immune system, facilitating infections.
All these reactions occur because there is an imbalance in the glucocorticoid hormones responsible for controlling cortisol in the body, which starts to be produced in excess.
The lack of correct treatment also brings other complications, such as psoriatic arthritis (or psoriatic), which occurs in one in three patients with psoriasis.
This is characterized by swelling, redness, and joint pain but will not necessarily present with psoriasis lesions in this area.
To recognize psoriatic arthritis, be aware of swelling in the fingers or specific joints, burning, and back pain. In such cases, multidisciplinary treatment with a rheumatologist and dermatologist is the best solution for relief from pain and psoriasis.
Psoriasis’s ups and downs can be difficult to deal with, but always remember that you are not alone fighting the outbreaks.
Talk to your doctor if you want to discuss specific treatment options (if you haven’t already done so!) – or start by seeking a dermatologist near you. Stay positive and keep on loving your skin.